By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of the traditional advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. It covers key thoughts comparable to constituency, class and capabilities, and in addition utilises tree diagrams all through to assist the reader visualise the constitution of sentences.
In this fourth version, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised and now encompasses a fresh better half site with extra actions and workouts for college students and a solution booklet for the in-text workouts for professors. the additional actions at the site supply scholars perform in picking syntactic phenomena in working textual content and may aid to deepen figuring out of this subject.
Accessible and transparent, this ebook is the fitting textbook for readers coming to this subject for the 1st time. that includes many in-text, end-of-chapter and additional workouts, it's appropriate for self-directed research in addition to to be used as middle analyzing on classes.
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Additional resources for Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax
The phrase as a matter of fact hasn’t moved in forming the question, so it’s not part of the subject. Since as a matter of fact belongs neither within subject nor within predicate,  is one sentence that can’t be exhaustively analysed into a two-part, subject~predicate structure. For the moment, I’ll concentrate on sentences that can. A temptation the question movement test will help you avoid is that of taking the first string of words that could be a subject as actually being the subject of the sentence you’re considering.
Now, if [25c] is correct, [a] and [b] should seem equally bad. Well, I hope you agree that [a] is really bad. [a] suggests that we could find a single word to replace the supposed phrase beside a. It’s difficult to imagine what word could replace that sequence. It seems incomplete and it’s impossible to say what it means. On the other hand, a stream does seem complete, it’s fairly clear what it means, and we don’t have to rack our brains to find single words that could replace it – for example, it, something, or one.
Each of these, then, are phrases. So we have a sequence of phrases here but those two phrases don’t make up a further phrase. (f ) No. Note the oddity of *Rory put it and *Rory put something. And the oddity of *What did Rory put? (g) On one interpretation the sequence is a constituent, cf. Sam managed to touch him and Who did Sam manage to touch? ) On the other interpretation, it is not a single phrase but a sequence of two phrases. Cf. Sam managed to touch him with an umbrella, Who did Sam manage to touch with an umbrella?
Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax by Noel Burton-Roberts