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Download PDF by Manuel J. Reigosa, Nuria Pedrol, Luís González: Allelopathy: A Physiological Process with Ecological

By Manuel J. Reigosa, Nuria Pedrol, Luís González

ISBN-10: 1402042795

ISBN-13: 9781402042799

ISBN-10: 1402042809

ISBN-13: 9781402042805

This e-book offers the reader appropriate information regarding real wisdom concerning the means of allelopathy, masking all features from the molecular to the ecological point. exact relevance is given to the physiological and ecophysiological points of allelopathy. numerous ecosystems are studied and methodological concerns are taken into consideration in different diversified chapters. The publication has been written to be priceless either for Ph.D. scholars and for senior researchers, so the chapters contain all worthwhile info to be learn by means of rookies, yet in addition they comprise loads of priceless info and dialogue for the initiated.

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Extra resources for Allelopathy: A Physiological Process with Ecological Implications

Example text

1999). Pyrrolidine and piperidine alkaloids, tropane and pelletierine alkaloids Pyrrolidine and piperidine alkaloids, tropane and pelletierine alkaloids are all formed from the diamines putrescine or cadaverine. Fagomine, a piperidine alkaloid, was one of the allelopathic alkaloids isolated from Fagopyrum esculentum¸ buckwheat (Iqbal et al. 2002). This type of alkaloid is a sugar mimic. Many of these alkaloids have biological activity greater than might be expected (Seigler, 1998). Lobeline, a 48 Basic pathways for the origin of allelopathic compounds piperidine alkaloid, inhibits DNA polymerase I, reverse transcriptase activity, and protein synthesis (Wink et al.

These compounds are derived by the same basic pathways as the more common flavones and flavonols, but are found primarily in a small number of families, among them the Fabaceae and Asteraceae. A series of flavanone, flavone and isoflavone glycosides excreted by the weed Pluchea lanceolata inhibited mustard root and shoot growth and the growth of asparagus seedlings (Berhow and Vaughn, 1999). Soil accumulation of isoflavonoids released by red clover (Trifolium pretense) has been implicated in a disease called “red clover sickness” (Berhow and Vaughn, 1999).

Seigler 52 Basic pathways for the origin of allelopathic compounds Monoterpene-derived indole alkaloids Secologanin, a precursor of monoterpene-derived indole alkaloids has been shown to be isolated from the DOXP-pathway (Contin et al. 1998). Ajmaline, cinchonine, cinchonidine, quinidine and quinine intercalate with DNA. Cinchonine, cinchonidine, quinidine, and quinine inhibit DNA polymerase I. Ajmalacin, cinchonine, cinchonidine, quinidine, quinine, and strychnine inhibit RNA reverse transcriptase.

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Allelopathy: A Physiological Process with Ecological Implications by Manuel J. Reigosa, Nuria Pedrol, Luís González

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