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By Godehard Link

ISBN-10: 1575860902

ISBN-13: 9781575860909

ISBN-10: 1575860910

ISBN-13: 9781575860916

The philosophical method of this quantity is especially structuralist, utilizing logical instruments to enquire the formal constitution of varied forms of items in our global, as characterized through language and as systematised by means of philosophy. This quantity typically analyses the structural houses of collections or pluralities (with purposes to the philosophy of set theory), homogeneous items like water, and the semantics and philosophy of occasions. This booklet thereby enhances algebraic paintings that has been performed on different philosophical entities, i.e. propositions, houses, family members, or events. positioned within the triangle of language, common sense and philosophy, this quantity is exclusive in combining the assets of alternative ?elds in an interdisciplinary firm. half the fourteen chapters of this quantity are unique papers, complementing the gathering of the author's formerly released essays at the topic.

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It was noted by Kratzer (1980), however, that the context can also bring the transparent reading into focus; her example is (18) a. b. Hans wollte Tollkirschen in den Obstsalat tun, da er sie mit richtigen Kirschen verwechselte. ] Finally, I just mention two examples concerning aspect. Achievement verbs like discover, in connection with adverbial phrases like for two hours, admit indefinite NPs only as BPs in object position (since these refer cumulatively) : TYPES OF PLURAL CONSTRUCTIONS (19) 41 John discovered {*a nice example, nice examples} for two hours.

All Sansculottes hailed a Cordelier. (V3 > 3V) b. The Sansculottes hailed a Cordelier. (3) a. Lucile doesn't believe that all Cordeliers are corrupt, b. Lucile doesn't believe that the Cordeliers are corrupt. a. All Indulgents were banished or executed. b. The Indulgents were banished or executed (I've forgotten which). a. Because they tried to stop the terror all Cordeliers were executed. b. Because they tried to stop the terror the Cordeliers were executed. The sentences in (24), describing Robespierre's nightmares, show the interaction with an indefinite NP.

This suggests that the numeral has two slots in the prenominal domain to go in: the adjectival NUM slot and one for a numerical specification of the quantifier. This is shown by TYPES OF PLURAL CONSTRUCTIONS 47 sentences (40a,b), which are fine except for redundancy. Notice, however, that the specification of the quantifier is presuppositional in nature: sentences (40c,d) are out since the specifier three is at odds with that of the noun. (40) a. b. c. d. all seven of the seven astronauts all five of the quintuplets *all three of the seven astronauts *all three of the quintuplets The semantical analysis of vague quantifiers is more involved.

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Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy by Godehard Link

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