By William M. Leiter
Affirmative motion has been and remains to be the flashpoint of America’s civil rights time table. but whereas the affirmative motion literature is voluminous, no entire account of its significant felony and public coverage dimensions exists. Samuel and William M. Leiter learn the starting place and development of affirmative motion, its effect on American society, its present nation, and its destiny anti-discrimination position, if any. trained by means of a number of varied disciplines-law, background, economics, sociology, political technological know-how, city experiences, and criminology-the textual content combines the suitable felony fabrics with research and remark from numerous specialists. This even-handed presentation of the topic of affirmative motion is bound to be a important reduction to these trying to comprehend the issue’s many complexities.
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Extra info for Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis
58 Through a stream of rulings that culminated in the legendary Plessy v. 59 Plessy v. Ferguson is more than a century old, but remains one of the most controversial decisions in civil rights law. In this case involving statemandated racial segregation of railroad passenger cars (a Jim Crow commonplace), the Court decided that the equal protection clause does not outlaw segregation that equalizes separate facilities or services. ”61 The majority’s decision in Plessy conformed with a long line of cases in which the nineteenth-century High Court dampened Reconstruction’s civil rights ideology: (1) The Slaughterhouse Cases (1873)62—held that the privileges and immunities protected by the Fourteenth Amendment do not include the “fundamental rights of citizenship,” since these derive solely from the states.
81 32 Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy In chapter 3, we will show that the original formulation of employment afﬁrmative action policy was predicated on the disproportionate effects of white supremacy on the black population. The Women’s Movement: The First and Second “Waves” It is a truism to note that minority and nonminority women have also been subjugated by unique disparate-impact limitations. The cultural dominance of patriarchal thinking in our society served to pressure females into familymaintenance undertakings, while greatly limiting their presence in the arts and sciences.
After the celebrated 1955 bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, the tactics in this war ranged from “freedom rides,” voter registration drives, and “sit-ins” to massive public demonstrations in the South’s major cities. Often, these were met with savage attacks by some local police, countless arrests and jail sentences, church burnings, assassinations, and race riots in the North as well as in the South. By design, or otherwise, these protests dramatized the absurdity and inhumanity of racial discrimination, and the imperative need for federal intervention.
Affirmative Action in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: An Overview and Synthesis by William M. Leiter