By J.H.S. Blaxter (ed.), A.J. Southward (ed.)
Quantity 25 of this authoritative evaluate sequence keeps the excessive usual set through the editors some time past. Marine biologists far and wide have come to price and luxuriate in the big variety of thought-provoking papers written by means of invited experts.In this quantity are stories of 4 animal teams which span the full variety of the marine foodstuff chain. The function of parasites in ecology is a becoming curiosity and the parasites of zooplankton are defined intimately for the 1st time. points of thegastropods, cephalopods and fish lifestyles also are tested intimately.
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Additional info for Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 25
Greene (1986) and Zaret (1980) have illustrated theoretical changes in vulnerability curves for predator types, and shown effects of altering the predator-prey size ratio. We have adapted these curves to review vulnerability of eggs and larvae to predator types (Fig. 9). Vulnerability to invertebrate ambush predators feeding on larvae of increasing size is often observed to be a bell-shaped function (Fig. 9(a)). Zaret (1980) believed that these bell-shaped predation curves were characteristic of prey size-dependent invertebrate predators, such as ambush invertebrates and predatory copepods.
Yasuda (1970; cited in Moller; 1980) reported densities of Aurelia aurita up to 596 medusae/m3. Larvae could be an important source of energy for many gelatinous zooplankton, contributing to their growth and reproduction. eysenhardti fed exclusively on fish larvae during a two-month bloom in the Gulf of California (Purcell, 1981). Fish larvae comprised 70-90% of the gut contents of Physaliaphysalis in the Gulf of Mexico (Purcell, 1984), and contributed up to 48% of the food of A . victoria in British Columbia waters (Purcell, pers.
4. Most of the prey were yolk-sac larvae, 57 mm in length. Moller (1980) calculated that medusae consumed from 2-5% of the available herring larvae per day, and concluded that Aurelia was a major cause of larval herring mortality. Furthermore, inverse relationships between the abundances of herring larvae and medusae in both space and time were found that imply possible predator-prey interactions (Moller, 1984). Low numbers of herring larvae were found where (1) the abundance of Aurelia was high, (2) during days when Aurelia biomass was high (Fig.
Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 25 by J.H.S. Blaxter (ed.), A.J. Southward (ed.)