By Hayne W. Reese (Ed.)
This quantity, one in a sequence, bargains with the constitution of developmental conception, recursive platforms, kid's iconic realism, the function of cognition in figuring out gender results, the improvement of processing velocity in early life and youth and extra.
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Extra resources for Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 6
4 10. 0 21. 1 From Bower (1968). a fortuitous natural split which appeared in the paired-comparisons scale. Analysis of variance for the data in Table I V showed significantly fewer errors for the high as compared to low preference values in the A terms; no verbal reinforcement effects for the contingent application, and no interaction appeared. Further analyses from control samples eliminated association value of and familiarity with the roles as factors contributing to variance. Backward learning curves showed results similar to the findings of Witryol et al.
Our Skill-Chance inducing sets were orienting to the task and not specifically to the reward objects in it, and thus were more likely to influence response style than add to reinforcement value. The satiation levels in the Gewirtz study were very specifically oriented to the approval stimulus, just as hunger drives in rats are quite specifically related to food objects. Indeed the operational definitions in both examples demand this intimate logical relationship. Satiation as drive level was defined by exposure to a specific reward, just as drive state in hunger is defined by relative satiationdeprivation of food.
The function of drive deprivation is to increase the valence of the reward, and the critical circumstances are those which surround the goal objects, rather than any directed by a drive source. Trowill et al. reported evidence of performance under low drive, but high incentive value. An interpretation consistent with these positions might explain the negative effects for the Skill-Chance conditions in our experiment, where indeed primacy was given to the incentives by our overkill instructions.
Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 6 by Hayne W. Reese (Ed.)