By E. Arimondo, P.R. Berman and C.C. Lin (Eds.)
This quantity keeps the culture of the Advances sequence. It comprises contributions from specialists within the box of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics. The articles comprise a few overview fabric, yet are meant to supply a finished photograph of contemporary very important advancements in AMO physics. either theoretical and experimental articles are integrated within the quantity. . foreign specialists . accomplished articles . New advancements
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Additional info for Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
The lasers were modulated by use of the same microwave source, and an electronic microwave phase shifter was inserted into the RF path to one laser to shift the relative phase of the microwave modulation on the two lasers by . This technique works well and can also be implemented in a miniature package; however, the use of two separate lasers adds some complexity to the overall implementation and to the control system in particular. Another strategy is to generate a coherence on the mF = 0 ! mF = 0 transition using one polarization and measure the resonant change in birefringence with a weak optical field with an orthogonal polarization (Zhu, 2003).
The phase of this oscillation, with respect to the phase of the driving fields, is such that no energy is absorbed. CPT between hyperfine atomic levels was first observed experimen tally in a seminal paper by Alzetta et al. (1976), in which a light field from a multi-longitudinal-mode dye laser was sent into a vapor cell containing saturated Na and a buffer gas. The laser mode spacing had a harmonic near the frequency of the ground-state hyperfine splitting of Na. A long itudinal magnetic field gradient was applied to the cell, and the fluores cence from the cell was measured as a function of longitudinal position.
In addition, it is possible to modulate the optical field output of the laser by directly modulating the injection current. 6 GHz. 2-GHz frequency difference needed to excite the Raman—Ramsey fringes. , 1993). The details of the experiment are shown in Figure 8. 835 GHz), creating sidebands on the optical carrier, several of which are separated by approxi mately the atomic resonance frequency. 2 0 −60 −40 −20 0 20 40 60 Detuning of f m [kHz] λ /4 Synthesizer Figure 8 Excitation of CPT resonances in an alkali vapor cell with a modulated diode laser.
Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics by E. Arimondo, P.R. Berman and C.C. Lin (Eds.)