By Henriette De Bruyn Kops
This fiscal and social historical past assesses the impression of the coastal wine and brandy exchange at the early sleek French, Dutch, and Atlantic economies, and highlights the significance of interconnecting own networks of Dutch, Sephardic Jewish, and New Christian retailers.
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Extra info for A spirited exchange: the wine and brandy trade between France and the Dutch Republic in its Atlantic framework, 1600-1650
Periods of relatively smooth relations became progressively shorter, the result of local initiatives aimed at curbing the power of the Dutch to dictate economic life or through royal initiatives that sought to increase France’s share of the international commercial pie. During the Àrst half of the seventeenth century, the political situation in Europe ensured royal and ministerial backing which allowed the foreigners to Àrmly anchor their trade in Nantes. By the middle of the century, the situation changed signiÀcantly.
Wells quotes but dismisses Marguerite Vanel’s earlier interpretation of the decree as a “collective naturalization”. In view of the signiÀcant number of Dutchmen already present in France at the time, Vanel’s explanation makes more sense than Wells’. 38 Sietske Barendrecht, François Van Aerssen, Diplomaat Aan Het Franse Hof (1598–1613), Leidse Historische Reeks, vol. IX (Leiden: Universitaire Pers, 1965), 80–82. King Henri IV had granted Dutch nationals an exemption from the Droit d’Aubaine as early as 1595, but the royal decree was only legally valid in those provinces where the Parlement had ratiÀed and registered the exemption.
61 As a result, the legality of the umbrella exemption for Dutch merchants from the Droit d’Aubaine remained in question throughout the period. 63 But even Eon tempered his blanket condemnation with the observation that when Bonaventure Bron returned to Amsterdam with 300,000 livres in proÀts, he did so after having lived in Nantes for some time, trading on behalf of his fellow countrymen. 64 April 1595); ADG C 3842, Lettres Patentes of Louis XIII which release the subjects of the United Provinces throughout France from the Droit d’Aubaine (1632); Royal decree of Louis XIII conÀrming the right to trade freely with any merchant in the country, be they French or foreigner (1635); another conÀrmation of equal trading rights with the French (1640), and Ànally, a bit more localized, the right for the Dutch merchants in Nantes to trade freely with merchants in Tours and Orleans, either through factors or by themselves (1644).
A spirited exchange: the wine and brandy trade between France and the Dutch Republic in its Atlantic framework, 1600-1650 by Henriette De Bruyn Kops