By Thomas Benjamin
Chiapas, a country in southern Mexico, burst into foreign information in January 1994. a number of thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took keep watch over of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and executive at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. around the globe, humans desired to be aware of the reply to at least one query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican nation? No different learn of Chiapas solutions that query as completely as does this publication. The rebellion and government's armed career of the nation are however the newest violent episodes in a zone that's now and has consistently been a wealthy land labored through negative humans. via learning the impoverishment of the laboring classification in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay in command of the state's improvement and future. extra basically than a person else, Benjamin exhibits in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.
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Extra resources for A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern Chiapas
30 evacuate Mexico City, and the French army installed a Conservative government. One year later Ferdinand Maximilian of Hapsburg arrived in the country. Although the Liberal revolution appeared to be all but defeated, JuÃ¡rez, his generals, and his Liberal colleagues did not give up the fight and resorted to guerrilla warfare. Even during the darkest days of 1864 and 1865 the Liberals continued the struggle on Mexican soil. S. Civil War, the government of President Andrew Johnson provided arms and ammunition for the Liberal armies and pressured Napoleon III to remove his troops from Mexico.
The triumph of the Liberal faction in Chiapas curtailed the political and economic power of the "other government," the Catholic Church, and strengthened the political influence of the national government of Chiapas. Government in Chiapas, however, remained relatively weak and inefficient. With victory in 1864, the Liberal faction disintegrated. The appointment of DomÃ−nguez to head the government proved to be a divisive action. The military men who had risen to prominence and command during the previous ten yearsthe commanders of local militias such as JuliÃ¡n Grajales, SebastiÃ¡n Escobar, Miguel Utrilla, JosÃ© Eutimio YaÃ±ez, Pomposo Castellanos, and othersdivided Chiapas among themselves and frequently rebelled against DomÃ−nguez.
63 33 34 Despite these enormous political and administrative problems, the pace of social and economic change in Chiapas began to accelerate following the disorders of the 1850s and 1860s. Economic progress in Chiapas during the 1870s and 1880s was to a great extent related to the increasingly favorable external conditions affecting the region. Chiapas's productscoffee, cacao, cotton, sugar, and mahoganyfound more markets and better prices as Mexico was integrated into the expanding North Atlantic economy.
A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern Chiapas by Thomas Benjamin